Road accidents are one of the most common causes of death and injury worldwide. They are caused by a combination of factors, including road characteristics, environmental variables, and driver behavior. Each year, road accidents result in an estimated 1.2 million deaths and 50 million injuries. Traffic accidents in Iran are a leading cause of death and injury. Forensic statistics indicate that traffic fatalities in the country have increased by 21% over the past 10 years.
Associations between socioeconomic conditions
One of the most important factors influencing traffic accident death and injury rates is socioeconomic status. Research has shown that those with lower socioeconomic status are more likely to be in an accident. Low socioeconomic status is also associated with an increased risk of injury and death, particularly among youth. This is likely because people in disadvantaged areas experience identity crises and are more prone to be involved in accidents.
Personality has a profound impact on road safety, and researchers have been looking at how different personality traits affect road safety. However, previous research hasn’t fully explored the role of personality in road safety. This study investigated three personality dimensions that could have a strong impact on the occurrence of accidents: self-destructiveness, risk-seeking behavior, and chronic self-destructiveness. The researchers concluded that individuals who were more likely to engage in risky behavior and to be impulsive were more likely to be involved in accidents.
The risk of unintentional injury is elevated among people with low IQ scores. A deeper understanding of the mechanisms that underlie such associations may open up opportunities for prevention. However, existing studies have only been able to provide modest statistical power and limited insights into the relationship between IQ and injury subtypes. To address these issues, this study examined the relationship between early adulthood IQ and hospital admissions for unintentional injuries in a cohort of more than one million Swedish men.
Age of victims
According to recent statistics, the age of traffic accident victims is increasing. While fatalities among under-16-year-olds have decreased, deaths among males and females between the ages of 45 to 50 have increased. In particular, the number of male fatalities increased among those age 51 to 54.
Injury on internal organs on spinal cord
A traffic accident can cause serious injuries to internal organs, including the spinal cord. Damage to the spinal cord can cause loss of motor and sensory functions. It also slows down the functioning of the internal organs. In addition, injury to the spinal cord can cause debilitating pain and limited mobility.